Garden

Amaryllis in summer - Amaryllis belladonna


GeneralitŠ°


Amaryllis belladonna stands out for the delicacy of its colors and its fragrance. He is originally from South Africa; loves the warm and dry climate. Compared to Hippeastrum, which is very similar, it produces smaller flowers, but in double numbers for each single inflorescence.
Name: Amarillis belladonna
Common name: Belladonna
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Bulb type: tunic bulb
Bulb size: 15 to 30 cm in circumference
The flowering of this plant can take place at different times, depending on the type of cultivation; if we proceed with the forcing of the bulbs it is also possible to obtain winter blooms. Usually, if it is grown in a classic way, the flowering takes place in the warm season, so much so that it is also called amaryllis in summer.

Characteristics of the flower



The structure is an umbrella; the flowers, of various colors (pink, light pink and white), look like small trumpets. The scent is very delicate. The flowering period is the end of summer if we do not intervene with special cultivation techniques, such as forcing the bulbs. The flowers of Amaryllis belladonna are rather decorative due to their trumpet shape and may have slight streaks on the petals.

Plant characteristics



The summer amaryllis plant can reach a height of 55-90 cm. The color of the leaves is opaque green in a rather dark shade. Usually, the stem of this plant is around a measure of 30/40 cm, lending itself to the cultivation in a container, being a variety that does not withstand the cold temperatures and being suitable for installation indoors.

Cultivation methods



Soil: Must be well drained.
Planting period: Autumn or spring
Depth of planting: The depth to which the base of the bulb must be placed is about 20 cm. The distance between the bulbs must be 15/20 cm.
Light: They prefer full light and partial shade

Display and watering



Amaryllis belladonna is a plant to be placed in very bright places, where it can receive some hours of sunlight during the day. It can also be placed in semi-shade, but always be exposed to direct light for a few hours. The summer amaryllis cannot stand the winter temperatures, therefore it must be cultivated in a container and moved to a protected place when the external temperatures are lowered. He doesn't even like the high temperatures of the hot days. During the vegetative period it is necessary to supply water regularly, checking that the soil remains fairly wet, but, at the same time, does not allow water stagnation to form, which is very harmful to the bulbs as they can quickly cause their rotting. .

Land and multiplication


It is a plant that can easily adapt to different types of soil, provided they are well drained; for this reason, when new specimens are planted, it is advisable to add sand to the soil, so as to increase the draining power.
The belladonna amaryllis is propagated by division of the bulbs in the autumn season, or by sowing, in spring, although the new plants may have different characteristics from the mother plant.

Amaryllis in summer - Amaryllis belladonna: Pests and diseases



Specimens of this genus can be affected by the cochineal, which if not countered with timeliness, can cause serious damage to the leaves. Another aspect to be carefully checked is the excessive presence of water that can cause radical rot and fungal diseases that can be fatal for this type of bulb.